60 million years ago, Mount Erciyes, Mount Hasandağı and Göllüdağ, a mountain between them, sprayed their lava to the region and the piled ash formed a soft tuff layer. The tuff layer was covered with a thin layer of lava forming of hard basalt, from place to place. Rain leaked from the crevices and it started to corrode the tuff. The warming and cooling air and rains also joined this formation. Thus, cones with hats made of hard basalt rock formed. People ascribed a name to these different and interesting shaped rocks: ‘’Fairy chimneys’’.
Human settlement in Cappadocia goes back to the Paleolithic age. The land where the Hittites lived became one of the most important centers of Christianity later. Houses and churches carved in the rocks made the region a gigantic shelter for the Christians escaping from the oppression of the Roman Empire.
Cappadocia is a region spreading mainly in the province of Nevşehir and also the provinces of Kırşehir, Niğde, Aksaray and Kayseri.
Cappadocia region is a place where nature and history become integrated. While the geographical events were forming the Fairy Chimneys, people carved houses and churches into these fairy chimneys and they decorated them with frescoes and they carried the traces of civilizations of thousands of years to the present day, during this historical process. The written history of Cappadocia, where human settlements go back to Paleolithic age, starts with the Hittites. Cappadocia, which embodied trade colonies and established a commercial and social bridge between countries throughout the history, is one of the important crossroads of the Silk Road. Traditional Cappadocia houses and pigeon lofts carved in the rocks depict the originality of the region.
Vinification and grape farming are also famous in Cappadocia, where is very important from the point of tourism today. You can join the grape harvest festivals at the end of September, you can watch the formations in the region from the sky in hot air balloon, you can take a walk in the heavenly valleys and you can discover the beauty of the region by mountain bike or on horseback.